India is often described as the land of Monsoons. The unrelenting summers make way for the rainy season, and the accompanying downpour, cool breeze, the cloudy skies provide a much-needed relief from harsh heatwaves. Undoubtedly, for most of us, it is the most pleasant and desirable weather.
Monsoon is a blessing, and unfortunately, it can also be a curse for those who do not take sufficient care of themselves. While we generally romanticize the Monsoon season, associate it with the sense of comfort or pleasure; it also brings viruses and bacterias with adverse health effects.
“Our body’s intestinal and digestive system becomes weak during the rainy
season, which makes us highly susceptible to all kinds of infections.” – Escorts Heart Institute.
In the absence of preventive measures and hygienic conditions, Monsoon can lead to a host of diseases.
Are you adequately prepared to welcome Monsoon while staying healthy?
Let’s have a quick look at the most common diseases during Monsoon and the preventive measures you can take.
Common Diseases in Monsoon & Preventive Measures
- It is caused due to sudden weather change.
- Can result in body ache, fatigue, and fever.
- It generally lasts from 3 to 7 days.
- Preventive measures: Avoid getting wet or staying in wet clothes for an extended period, wash your hands regularly, eat immunity-boosting Vitamin C rich foods and green vegetables.
Food Poisoning & Gastroenteritis:
- High humidity can lead to the growth of disease-causing bacteria.
- It can result in stomach cramps, vomiting, nausea, or diarrhoea. Also, it leads to weakness and a sense of malaise through the course of the illness.
- Preventive measures: Avoid raw foods and roadside food. Keep yourself hydrated, have rice, fruits like apple, banana, curds and coconut water.
Cold, Flu (Influenza):
- It is caused due to the spread of the virus infecting the upper respiratory tract and affecting the nose and the throat.
- Can result in the stuffy nose, throat irritation, soreness, body ache and fever.
- Preventive measures: Healthy, nutritious and balanced diet to develop the immune system and improve body resistance.
- It is caused due to the consumption of contaminated food or water contaminated with the faeces of an infected person.
- Can result in prolonged high fever, headache, severe abdomen pain and vomits.
- Preventive measures: Have clean drinking water, better sanitation and wash your hands thoroughly.
- It is caused by contaminated food, water and poor hygienic conditions.
- Can result in diarrhoea with watery stool, vomiting and muscle cramps.
- Preventive measures: Have clean drinking water, sanitation, and regular handwashing.
- It is a waterborne infection, generally caused by contaminated drinking water or food with the stool of an individual with the virus.
- Can result in the inflammation of the liver, jaundice, loss of appetite, nausea, diarrhoea, fever and fatigue.
- Preventive measures: Wash hands frequently and maintain proper hygiene.
- Viruses transmitted by mosquitoes cause Dengue.
- Can result in severe muscle, joint pain, swollen lymph nodes, fever, headache and exhaustion.
- Preventive measures: Avoid water accumulation, use insect repellent containing DEET and wear full sleeve clothing.
- It is caused by specific species of mosquitoes breeding in the dirty water.
- Can result in body ache, chills, fever and sweating. May also lead to jaundice, anaemia, liver and kidney failure.
- Preventive measures: Avoid the accumulation of dirty water. Can take the antimalarial drug as a precautionary measure in mosquito-prone areas. Wear full sleeve clothing, apply anti-repellant creams, use mosquito repellent devices and Insecticide-treated mosquito nets during the monsoon season.
Prevention is better than the cure when it comes to making arrangements to safeguard yourself, your family members against various Monsoon season infections and diseases.
The goal should be to develop a healthy immune system by adopting appropriate eating, drinking habits, lifestyle practices, hygiene, and pay attention to all the necessary preventive measures.
Timely precautions on your part can help you make the most of this Monsoon season; however, sometimes our best efforts are not enough to address our health challenges. Therefore, an active Health Insurance Policy must always be in place to take care of any unexpected medical expenses.